The Quebec Liberation Front (FLQ) was a far left-wing Québécois nationalist and Marxist-Leninist paramilitary group in Quebec, Canada. It was founded in the 1960s and was based in Montreal. The organization was also influenced by other movements, such as those for the independence of former colonies such as Algeria, Vietnam and Cuba.The FLQ was regarded as a terrorist organization for its methods of action.It was responsible for over 160 violent incidents, including the bombing of the Montreal Stock Exchange in 1969.These attacks culminated in 1970 with what is known as the October Crisis, in which British Trade Commissioner James Cross was kidnapped and Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte was murdered by strangulation.Following the kidnapping, Prime Minister of Canada (Trudeau) provides to the Government of Quebec the army to support the police forces by invoking the War Measures.War Measures ActThe War Measures Act, conferring emergency powers on the federal Cabinet, allowing it to govern by decree when it perceives the existence of “war, invasion or insurrection, real or apprehended.” The Act was proclaimed in force with detailed regulations limiting the freedom of Canadians during both world wars. Its use to imprison Canadians of German, Ukrainian and Slavic descent in WWI and Japanese Canadians during WWII and to confiscate their property was an issue until the 1980s, when compensation packages and formal apologies were made to those affected. More limited emergency legislation, the offshoot of War Measures, was applied during demobilization after WWII, and during and after the KOREAN WAR in the 1950s.To understand the impact of the War Measures Act; it gives to the police special powers including the right to search without warrant.A police officer can enter any place where he suspects to find objects that can help the FLQ to realise illegal acts or to justify an infringement of the law. The same right is granted if a police officer thinks to find a member of the unlawful association or a person kidnapped by the group.The Act also allows to carry out preventive detentions. The police officers can arrest a person without a warrant if they suspect to be a member of the FLQ. They can also detain suspects accused of committing illegal acts, to have submitted the declarations of the FLQ, or to socialize to raise funds for the unlawful association. The War Measures Act applies before the Bill of Rights.